Rights of Animals In Islam

Islam is the only religion in the world which spreads peace for all, and it does not even neglects the poor animals who do not have tongue to express their emotions neither they can decide on their own. Today we can see those who are the co called flag carriers of humanity kill thousands of animals per year in failed experiments. The animals which survive those tests become whether ill or dangerous for their own species even and till the time they die, they live in misery and trouble. This is not only inhumane but  the cruelty at its peak.

The meat sold in the non muslim societies is gotten from the animal killed rather slaughtered. These animals are killed with the brutality that we cannot even imagine. In china, the most famous pork dish is made by frying an alive pig! What else could be the inhumanity and brutality?

Islam does not only tell us to be fair with our community but also to be fair with every living creature. And we should be, because we are the crown of creatures, if we do not like to be people of ac cruel crowned person, how can we ourselves be the cruel crowned beings? Animals and birds and plants cannot ask for the food or water themselves, it is we who should care for them because we can feel hunger and thirst like them.
Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.w said;

Bukhari Volume 9, Book 86, Number 92:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "One should not prevent others from watering their animals with the surplus of his water in order to prevent them from benefiting by the surplus of grass."

This means if one does not stop other people to water their animals, he will never see his animals dying of hunger. If a person is killed by animals, his heirs will not be comoensated with diya because animals do not have the logic and brain which we have. So even if they kill some one they will not be charged with that killing. animals are innocent.

Prophet Mhamad s.a.w.w said;
Bukhari Volume 9, Book 83, Number 47:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah's Apostle said, "There is no Diya for persons killed by animals or for the one who has been killed accidentally by falling into a well or for the one killed in a mine. And one-fifth of Rikaz (treasures buried before the Islamic era) is to be given to the state."

If animals are bought for slaughter they should be scrifised properly with sharp knives and not with tools which cause them pain and they take long to die.

Bukhari Volume 7, Book 67, Number 406:
Narrated Rafi bin Khadij:
We were with the Prophet in Dhul-Hulaifa and there the people were struck with severe hunger. Then we got camels and sheep as war booty (and slaughtered them). The Prophet was behind all the people. The people hurried and fixed the cooking pots (for cooking) but the Prophet came there and ordered that the cooking pots be turned upside down. Then he distributed the animals, regarding ten sheep as equal to one camel. One of the camels ran away and there were a few horses with the people. They chased the camel but they got tired, whereupon a man shot it with an arrow whereby Allah stopped it. The Prophet said, "Among these animals some are as wild as wild beasts, so if one of them runs away from you, treat it in this way." I said. "We hope, or we are afraid that tomorrow we will meet the enemy and we have no knives, shall we slaughter (our animals) with canes?" The Prophet said, "If the killing tool causes blood to gush out and if Allah's Name is mentioned, eat (of the slaughterer animal). But do not slaughter with a tooth or a nail. I am telling you why: A tooth is a bone, and the nail is the knife of Ethiopians."

Branding of animals is also prohibited in islam.

Bukhari Volume 7, Book 67, Number 449:
Narrated Salim:
that Ibn 'Umar disliked the branding of animals on the face. Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet forbade beating (animals) on the face."

Volume 7, Book 67, Number 451:
Narrated Rait' bin Khadij:
I said to the Prophet, "We will be facing the enemy tomorrow and we have no knives (for slaughtering)' He said, "If you slaughter the animal with anything that causes its blood to flow out, and if Allah's Name is mentioned on slaughtering it, eat of it, unless the killing instrument is a tooth or nail. I will tell you why: As for the tooth, it is a bone; and as for the nail, it is the knife of Ethiopians." The quick ones among the people got the war booty while the Prophet was behind the people. So they placed the cooking pots on the fire, but the Prophet ordered the cooking pots to be turned upside down. Then he distributed (the war booty) among them, considering one camel as equal to ten sheep. Then a camel belonging to the first party of people ran away and they had no horses with them, so a man shot it with an arrow whereby Allah stopped it. The Prophet said, "Of these animals there are some which are as wild as wild beasts. So, if anyone of them runs away like this, do like this (shoot it with an arrow)."

And there are many other traditions which stop us to harm animals or to kill them while they are starving or to kill them as sports or for pleasure.
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