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Animal Dissection In View of Islam

Islam is very strict about treating animals. They live and breath and they feel just like us. They and we share the same world, but our lives are very different. But still some things are common. And among those common things is the happiness and sadness. Animals feel pain, they feel good.

Animal Dissection in islam

One of the most important issue in animal rights is raised with respect to the animal dissection. Animal dissection is very common in medical sciences. At earlier as well as at advanced stages, different animals are dissected for the purpose of study. Now, keeping in mind the rights of animals as prescribed in islam, it is a big question mark. Dissection of animals means their death for no reason. So, many students hesitate before doing dissection of animals.

According to different schools of thought, this issue is dealt with differently. Their point of views is presented as below;

1: The maliki school of thought says that animal dissection is makrooh. This poitn fo view is held by some hanbali's and shafi's as well. For the reference, see al-Tamheed (15/178); Sharh al-‘Umdah by Ibn Taymiyah (3/148).

2: According to hanbali, shafi and hanafi schools of thought, including ibn hazam, this is a haram act. Because killing of an innocent creature which has caused any one no harm is haram. This view is also favored by ibn tymiyah. For the reference, please see Mushkil al-Athaar by al-Tahhaawi (2/35); al-Majmoo’ (9/29); al-Mughni (9/338); al-Muhalla (7/225); al-Fataawa al-Kubra (2/139).

these schools of thought maintain this view based on the narration given below;

Report narrated from ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him), according to which a doctor asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about using frogs in medicine, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade killing them.
Abu Dawood (5269), classed as saheeh by al-Nawawi in al-Majmoo’ (9/34).

According to the scholars, unjust animal slaughter is not permissible at all. But if the animal killing is meant for strictly the knowledge purpose, then it is permissible. But due measures are must to be taken in this regard. Those animals, that are to be dissected, they should be anesthetized properly before dissection and it is made sure that they do not wake up during the operation. Because that would be extreme pain for them to bear. Secondly, after the dissection and learning process is done, the animals must be killed immediately to spare them for the pain.

One thing should be kept in mind, the animals that are slaughtered to get the fur or that are killed just for fun, such things are not permissible. Killing an animal for fulfilling selfish interests , like making bags, shoes and coats is not appreciated. Just think about those lives like you think about your own. You would never liked ot be subject of a brutal science surgery where the chances of success are too limited. Similarly, subjecting animals to such brutal operations is also not a thing to call for.  
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